Free Trade Agreements

Free trade agreements (FTAs) are designed to assist New Zealand traders (exporters and importers) by providing improved access to partner markets, and reducing trade barriers such as Customs procedures in those markets.

Among other things, an FTA establishes:

  • preferential tariff rates for goods imported into the countries party to that Agreement
  • rules by which goods can qualify for those preferential tariffs (rules of origin)
  • customs procedures for claiming preferential tariff rates (rules of origin procedures)
  • general principles for customs procedures among the countries party to an Agreement.

Additional information is available on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT).

For further information on each of New Zealand’s Free Trade Agreements, see below.

This description was last updated on: Wednesday, 16 July 2014

Detailed information related to Free Trade Agreements

The ASEAN–Australia–New Zealand Free Trade Agreement (AANZFTA) is a regional trade agreement including the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), Australia and New Zealand. AANZFTA came into force in 2010 for Australia, New Zealand, Brunei, Myanmar, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam, and subsequently entered into force for Laos and Cambodia in 2011, and Indonesia in 2012.

External Links

New Zealand also has bilateral trade Agreements with Malaysia, Australia and Thailand (see links). Traders should consider which agreement provides the most benefit for their imported/exported products. 

For information on the rules of origin, see the following:

Fact sheets

New Zealand Customs Notices

Rules of Origin Provisions

Product Specific Rules

Claiming Preference in New Zealand

A New Zealand importer may make a claim for preferential tariff treatment on the basis of a certificate of origin, a declaration of origin, or other evidence sufficient to prove that the goods satisfy the relevant rules of origin provisions. If requested by the New Zealand Customs Service, an importer claiming preference must be able to provide sufficient evidence to substantiate the claim.

Claiming Preference in an AANZFTA Country – Certificates of Origin

The AANZFTA Agreement requires third party issued certificates of origin when exporting to an ASEAN member. Exporters (who want their goods to receive preferential tariff treatment upon importation) must obtain a certificate of origin from one of New Zealand’s certifying bodies before exporting their goods under this Agreement. A list of certifying bodies is set out in Fact Sheet 43.

This detail was last updated on Wednesday, 16 July 2014

​The Australia–New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement (ANZCERTA) came into force on 1 January 1983. 

The rules of origin determine which products count as “Australian” or “New Zealand” products. They are then eligible to enter the markets in either country at a zero tariff rate. The rules establish what level of processing or manufacturing needs to be achieved on a product by product basis.

Revised rules of origin for trans-Tasman trade came into effect on 1 September 2011.

Information on the rules of origin for ANZCERTA, and general guide for using the agreement can be found in Fact Sheet 20.

Further information is available on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade website.

Australia is also a Party to the ASEAN-Australia New Zealand Free Trade Area Agreement. Traders should consider which agreement provides the most benefit for their imported/exported products. 

New Zealand Customs Notices

Rules of Origin Provisions

Product Specific Rules

Claiming Preference in Australia

The Australia Customs and Border Protection Service require the exporter to declare that the good meets the originating criteria under the Agreement, and which origin criteria the good meets.

For further information on claiming preference in Australia, see the Australian Customs website.

The sample declaration below can be used to declare the origin of the goods, and should accompany goods exported to Australia that are claiming preferential tariff treatment.

Claiming Preference in New Zealand

A New Zealand importer may make a claim for preferential tariff treatment on the basis of a certificate of origin, a declaration of origin, or other evidence sufficient to prove that the goods satisfy the relevant rules of origin provisions. If requested by the New Zealand Customs Service, an importer claiming preference must be able to provide sufficient evidence to substantiate the claim.

This detail was last updated on Wednesday, 16 July 2014

The Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) is an international system of tariff preference designed to promote economic growth of developing countries. In accordance with the Generalised System of Preferences, New Zealand grants special treatment to certain goods that are the produce or manufacture of countries recognised as a Less Developed Country (LDC) or as a Least Developed Country (LLDC).

The countries entitled to preferential tariff treatment under the Generalised System of Preferences are set out in Schedules 1 and 2 to the Tariff (Less Developed Countries and Least Developed Countries) Order 2005. A list of LDC and LLDC countries is located in The Working Tariff Document of New Zealand under ‘New Zealand Alphabetical Country List and Codes’.

The LDC and LLDC tariff duty rates are identified under the abbreviations ‘LDC’ and ‘LLDC’ respectively in The Working Tariff Document of New Zealand.

Further information is set out in Fact Sheet 8.

Rules of Origin Provisions

Claiming Preference in New Zealand

A New Zealand importer may make a claim for preferential tariff treatment on the basis of a certificate of origin, a declaration of origin, or other evidence sufficient to prove that the goods satisfy the relevant rules of origin provisions. If requested by the New Zealand Customs Service, an importer claiming preference must be able to provide sufficient evidence to substantiate the claim.

This detail was last updated on Wednesday, 16 July 2014

The New Zealand–China Free Trade Agreement (NZCFTA) entered into force on 1 October 2008. New Zealand was the first OECD country to sign a comprehensive free trade agreement with China. 

Information on rules of origin and document requirements are set out in the following fact sheets:

Relevant information on the NZCFTA including a tariff finder and information on doing business in China can be found at the following website: www.chinafta.govt.nz.

Further information on China is also available on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade website.

New Zealand Customs Notices

Rules of Origin Provisions

Product Specific Rules

Claiming Preference in China – Certificates of Origin 

China requires all imports claiming preference under the NZCFTA to be accompanied by a certificate of origin issued by an authorised certifying body of New Zealand. A certificate of origin can be obtained from one of New Zealand’s certifying bodies, which are listed in Fact Sheet 38.

Claiming Preference in New Zealand

A New Zealand importer may make a claim for preferential tariff treatment on the basis of a certificate of origin, a declaration of origin, or other evidence sufficient to prove that the goods satisfy the relevant rules of origin provisions. If requested by the New Zealand Customs Service, an importer claiming preference must be able to provide sufficient evidence to substantiate the claim.

Transhipment

Goods may transit through a non-party to the Agreement and maintain preference. However, the goods may not enter the trade or commerce of a non-party, or undergo certain operations other than unloading, reloading, repacking and other processes that are required to maintain goods in good condition while they are transported through that non-party.

China Customs may request relevant documents to confirm the goods meet the respective rules of origin. This evidence could include commercial documents, such as the commercial invoice and a through bill of lading.

Exporters who are unable to provide relevant documents should aim to ensure that the seal of the container is intact, and the seal numbers and container numbers match the information on associated commercial documents, such as the bill of lading and certificate of origin.

This detail was last updated on Thursday, 17 July 2014

The New Zealand–Hong Kong, China Closer Economic Partnership Agreement (NZ–HKC CEP) was signed in Hong Kong on 29 March 2010 and entered into force on 1 January 2011.

The Agreement allows for originating goods exported from Hong Kong, China to gain preferential tariff treatment upon importation into New Zealand. Currently, all goods imported into Hong Kong, China, regardless of origin, are duty free. The agreement ensures that in the future New Zealand goods imported into Hong Kong, China will remain duty free. 

For more information on the NZ–HKC CEP and the rules of origin, see Fact Sheet 45.

More information on this agreement, including a tariff finder, is available on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade website

New Zealand Customs Notices

Rules of Origin Provisions

Product Specific Rules

Claiming Preference in Hong Kong

Hong Kong, China may request claims for preference to be evidenced by a declaration about the origin of the good.

Claiming Preference in New Zealand

For most goods, there is no requirement for goods which are the origin of New Zealand under this agreement to be accompanied by a certificate of origin issued by a certification body. 

However, goods classified under Chapters 61 and 62 of the HS code (apparel goods) have different requirements. The exporter/producer is required to obtain a certificate of origin from the Trade and Industry Department of Hong Kong, China or a Government Approved Certification Organisation of Hong Kong, China.

This detail was last updated on Wednesday, 16 July 2014

The New Zealand–Malaysia Free Trade Agreement (MNZFTA) was signed in Kuala Lumpur on 26 October 2009 and entered into force on 1 August 2010.

Malaysia is also a Party to the ASEAN-Australia New Zealand Free Trade Area Agreement (AANZFTA). Traders should consider which agreement provides the most benefit for their imported/exported products. 

Further information on the Rules of Origin for the MNZFTA is set out in Fact Sheet 44

Additional information on the MNZFTA is available on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade website.

Rules of Origin Provisions

Product Specific Rules

Claiming Preference in Malaysia

Unlike AANZFTA, goods exported from New Zealand to Malaysia under the MNZFTA do not require a certificate of origin from a New Zealand certification body. A claim that goods are eligible for preferential tariff treatment must be supported by an exporter or producer declaration (further information is set out in Fact Sheet 44).

Claiming Preference in New Zealand

A New Zealand importer may make a claim for preferential tariff treatment on the basis of a certificate of origin, a declaration of origin, or other evidence sufficient to prove that the goods satisfy the relevant rules of origin provisions. If requested by the New Zealand Customs Service, an importer claiming preference must be able to provide sufficient evidence to substantiate the claim.

This detail was last updated on Wednesday, 16 July 2014

​The Agreement between New Zealand and Singapore on a Closer Economic Partnership (ANZSCEP) entered into force on 1 January 2001.

Under ANZSCEP, all goods imported into Singapore are duty free, with the exception of some alcohol.

Singapore is also Party to the ASEAN-Australia New Zealand Free Trade Area Agreement, and the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership (P4). Traders should consider which agreement provides the most benefit for their imported/exported products. 

For information on the rules of origin and using the agreement, see Fact Sheet 19.

Further information on the ANZSCEP is available on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade website.

Rules of Origin Provisions

Claiming Preference in Singapore

Most goods imported into Singapore are already duty free, therefore a certificate of origin is not needed for New Zealand originating goods (except certain alcohol).

Claiming Preference in New Zealand

A New Zealand importer may make a claim for preferential tariff treatment on the basis of a certificate of origin, a declaration of origin, or other evidence sufficient to prove that the goods satisfy the relevant rules of origin provisions. If requested by the New Zealand Customs Service, an importer claiming preference must be able to provide sufficient evidence to substantiate the claim.

This detail was last updated on Wednesday, 16 July 2014

The New Zealand–Thailand Closer Economic Partnership Agreement came into force on 1 July 2005. The Thailand CEP is designed to improve the business environment between New Zealand and Thailand, reduce the cost of doing business, and promote cooperation between Customs administrations.

Thailand is also a Party to the AANZFTA Agreement. Traders should consider which agreement is most suitable to their imported/exported products.

For information on the Rules of Origin and using this agreement, see Fact Sheet 30 – Thailand Closer Economic Partnership Agreement

Further information on the Thailand CEP is available on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade website.

Rules of Origin Provisions

Product Specific Rules

Claiming Preference in Thailand

Unlike AANZFTA, goods exported from New Zealand to Thailand under the Thailand CEP do not require a certificate of origin from a New Zealand certification body. A claim that goods are eligible for preferential tariff treatment must be supported by an exporter or producer declaration (further information is set out in Fact Sheet 30).

Claiming Preference in New Zealand

A New Zealand importer may make a claim for preferential tariff treatment on the basis of a certificate of origin, a declaration of origin, or other evidence sufficient to prove that the goods satisfy the relevant rules of origin provisions. If requested by the New Zealand Customs Service, an importer claiming preference must be able to provide sufficient evidence to substantiate the claim.

This detail was last updated on Wednesday, 16 July 2014

The South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Co-operation Agreement (SPARTECA) is a non-reciprocal trade agreement in which New Zealand (together with Australia) offers preferential tariff treatment for specified products that are the produce or manufacture of the Pacific Islands Forum countries (known as the ‘Forum Island Countries’). There is no preferential duty rate for New Zealand goods exported to a Forum Island Country.

The Forum Island Countries are the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu.

Forum Island Countries duty rates are identified under the abbreviation ‘Pac’ (not FIC) in The Working Tariff Document of New Zealand.

For more information on the Rules of Origin and the agreement, see Fact Sheet 8.

Rules of Origin Provisions

Claiming Preference in New Zealand

A New Zealand importer may make a claim for preferential tariff treatment on the basis of a certificate of origin, a declaration of origin, or other evidence sufficient to prove that the goods satisfy the relevant rules of origin provisions. If requested by the New Zealand Customs Service, an importer claiming preference must be able to provide sufficient evidence to substantiate the claim.

This detail was last updated on Wednesday, 16 July 2014

The Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (P4) is an agreement between Brunei Darussalam, Chile, Singapore, and New Zealand. The P4 agreement, which stands for “Pacific 4”, came into force in 2006.

Under P4, most tariffs on goods traded between member countries were removed immediately, with remaining tariffs to be phased out (by 2015 for Brunei Darussalam and 2017 for Chile).

Information on the rules of origin is available in Fact Sheet 31.

Additional information on the P4 Agreement is available on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade website.

Rules of Origin Provisions

Product Specific Rules

Schedule 5 – Specific rules of origin for Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement goods – Imports

Annex 2 – Specific Rules of Origin – Exports

Claiming Preference in P4 Country

The exporter or producer of a good must complete either the declaration of origin or a certificate of origin, either of which may be used by the importer to evidence the origin of the good. For more information, see Fact Sheet 31.

Claiming Preference in New Zealand

A New Zealand importer may make a claim for preferential tariff treatment on the basis of a certificate of origin, a declaration of origin, or other evidence sufficient to prove that the goods satisfy the relevant rules of origin provisions. If requested by the New Zealand Customs Service, an importer claiming preference must be able to provide sufficient evidence to substantiate the claim.

This detail was last updated on Wednesday, 16 July 2014

​Agreement between New Zealand and the Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu on Economic Cooperation

The Agreement between New Zealand and the Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu on Economic Cooperation (ANZTEC) came into force on 1 December 2013.

The Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu is also known as ‘Chinese Taipei’.

On entry into force, 70% of tariff lines for goods entering Chinese Taipei will be free of duty. Duty on the remaining lines will decrease over a 12-year period.

Information on the rules of origin for imports from Chinese Taipei and exports to Chinese Taipei is set out in Fact Sheet 48. This fact sheet should be read in conjunction with Chapter 4 of the Agreement – Rules of Origin, and Annex 2.

Further information on the Agreement, including a tariff finder and information on doing business in Chinese Taipei, is available on the New Zealand Commerce and Industry Office for Chinese Taipei website www.nzcio.com. The website provides links to the following ANZTEC provisions, which have been incorporated into New Zealand law:

  • Rules of Origin (Chapter 3)
  • Implementing Arrangement on Rules of Origin Operational Procedures
  • Product Specific Rules Schedule
  • Tariff Schedule (NZ)

New Zealand Customs Notices

Rules of Origin Provisions

Product Specific Rules

Claiming preference in Chinese Taipei

ANZTEC does not require a third party issued certificate of origin – the exporter can self declare that the good is an originating good. An example declaration and certificate can be found here .

Claiming Preference in New Zealand

A New Zealand importer may make a claim for preferential tariff treatment on the basis of a certificate of origin, a declaration of origin, or other evidence sufficient to prove that the goods satisfy the relevant rules of origin provisions. If requested by the New Zealand Customs Service, an importer claiming preference must be able to provide sufficient evidence to substantiate the claim.

This detail was last updated on Thursday, 24 July 2014

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